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Some words about Split Croatia … 

   

The Republic of Croatia is a country placed along the Adriatic Sea and its hinterland. It stretches starting from the slopes of the Alps and deep into the Pannonian Valley to the rivers  Danube and Drava.

So according to its natural personality, as well as its cultural and chronological development, Croatia can be separated into three distinct zones:   

the Coastal region    the Mountain region    the Pannonian region 

Like other countries in Western Europe, Croatia was found on the ruins of the Roman Empire. When they came in the territory of present-day Croatia, the Croats were organized in principalities. In 925, Croatian King Tomislav united all principalities and established the first Croatian state. Later, Croatia retained its legal position and autonomy within the frames of the Hungarian empire, and the Habsburg Monarchy.

 

At the end of the third century AD, the Roman Emperor Diocletian has built his palace on the bay of Aspalathos. Here, after abdicating on the first of May in A.D. 305 where he spent the last years of his life. The bay is situated on the south side of a small peninsula running out from the Dalmatian coast into the Adriatic see, few kilometers from the site of Salona, the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia..

This Diocletian's palace is these days the heart of the city of Split where all the most significant historical buildings can be found. The importance of Diocletian's Palace far transcends local significance because of its level of preservation and the buildings of succeeding historical periods, stretching from Roman times onwards, which form the very tissue of old Split in Croatia. The Palace is one of the most famed and integral architectural and cultural constructs on the Croatian Adriatic coast and is holding an exceptional place in the Mediterranean, European and world heritage.

  

In November 1979 UNESCO, in line with the international convention concerning the cultural and natural heritage, adopted a proposal that the historic Split inner city, built around the Palace, should be included in the register of the World Cultural Heritage.

Split is has an extremely fascinating historical tradition, from the living museum of Diocletian’s palace to the diverse political and personal intrigues that led up to the making of the city as we see it today. However, we know that history isn’t the only important thing to think while visiting a new city. There’s an entire cultural ritual waiting for you to explore, whether it’s variety Dalmatian food or shopping and trading with the locals in Split’s famous outdoor market. Holiday in Split Croatia is good decision. Split croatia hotels  are waiting for you.

Split is the second biggest city in Croatia, and the regional capital of Dalmatia. The people of Split, who are mostly attached to their town and the hill called Marjan overlooking it, will proudly boast that there is no other place in the world similar to Split.

The ground plan of the palace is an asymmetrical rectangle with towers projecting from the western, northern, and eastern facades. It combines character of a luxurious villa with those of a military base camp. Only the southern front wall, which rose straight from, or very near to, the sea, was unfortified. The elaborate architectural masterpiece of the arcaded gallery on its upper floor differs from the more severe treatment of the three shore facades. A monumental entrance in the middle of each of these walls led to an enclosed courtyard. The southern Sea Gate was simpler in form and dimensions than the other three. Possibly it was originally intended as the emperor's private entrée to boats, or as a service entrance for supplies.

 

The dual life of the architectural plan, derived from both villa and castrum types, is also evident in the arrangement of the inside. The transverse road (decumanus) connecting the east and west gates divided the complex into two halves. In the southern half were the more luxurious structures; that is, the emperor's residence, both public and private, and cult buildings. The emperor's apartment shaped a block alongside the sea front. Because the sloping terrain formed large differences in level, this block was situated above a substructure. While for many centuries almost completely filled with refuse, most of the substructure is well sealed, giving us evidence as to the unique shape and disposition of the rooms above.

 

A historic court, called the Perystile, shaped the northern access to the imperial apartments. It also gave admission to Diocletian's Mausoleum on the east, and to three temples on the west.

The northern half of the palace, which was separated in two parts by the main longitudinal road (cardo) leading from the North Gate to the Perystile, is less well sealed. It is usually supposed that each of these parts created a large residential complex, housing soldiers, servants, and possibly some other services. Both parts were apparently surrounded on all sides by streets. Leading to border walls there were rectangular buildings, possibly storage space magazines.

 


 

 

Holiday split Croatia , why not? Split Croatia hotels are waiting for you.  Split croatia travel  information.

 


 

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